WORKBOOK A3

WEEK 9 RESEARCH- activist projects, blogs of art/ design culture.

Information Gathering

Topic and Global Issues-

15 Major Current Environmental Problems

  1. Pollution: Pollution of air, water and soil require millions of years to recoup. Industry and motor vehicle exhaust are the number one pollutants. Heavy metals, nitrates and plastic are toxins responsible for pollution. While water pollution is caused by oil spill, acid rain, urban runoff; air pollution is caused by various gases and toxins released by industries and factories and combustion of fossil fuels; soil pollution is majorly caused by industrial waste that deprives soil from essential nutrients.
  2. Waste Disposal: The over consumption of resources and creation of plastics are creating a global crisis of waste disposal. Developed countries are notorious for producing an excessive amount of waste or garbage and dumping their waste in the oceans and, less developed countries. Nuclear waste disposal has tremendous health hazards associated with it. Plastic, fast food, packaging and cheap electronic wastes threaten the well being of humans. Waste disposal is one of urgent current environmental problem.
  3. Loss of Biodiversity: Human activity is leading to the extinction of species and habitats and and loss of bio-diversity. Eco systems, which took millions of years to perfect, are in danger when any species population is decimating. Balance of natural processes like pollination is crucial to the survival of the eco-system and human activity threatens the same. Another example is the destruction of coral reefs in the various oceans, which support the rich marine life.
  4. Ocean Acidification: It is a direct impact of excessive production of CO2. 25% of CO2 produced by humans. The ocean acidity has increased by the last 250 years but by 2100, it may shoot up by 150%. The main impact is on shellfish and plankton in the same way as human osteoporosis.
  5. Water Pollution: Clean drinking water is becoming a rare commodity. Water is becoming an economic and political issue as the human population fights for this resource. One of the options suggested is using the process of desalinization. Industrial development is filling our rivers seas and oceans with toxic pollutants which are a major threat to human health.

 

Research

Activist projects-

Activist groups-

  • https://freechild.org/youth-led-activism/- Youth led activists, training younger groups in the community about organising and advocacy to alter power relations and make and be the change that they want to see in the world that they live in.

Education — Simply becoming engaged in an issue is the first step towards youth-led activism. However, learning about the politics, economics and social effects of issues being protested are key, too. Youth activists can research, study and critique things central to their community organizing efforts.

Training — Learning about issues is not all youth activists need. Training can be essential for youth-led activists to be successful. They can learn the skills needed and tactics that are vital for successful for powerful short-term and long-term campaigns designed to change the world.

Inspiration — The reality of youth activism today is that there is a lot of inspiration. However, finding it can be challenging for children and youth, as few sources are brave enough to share powerful stories of youth changing the world. Youtube, select media, and many other sources may provide important stories youth can relate to. Also, in communities around the world its important to see what’s happened before, and many communities have hidden histories of youth-led activism.

 

Research Blogs

Activist blogs- http://rescue.neaq.org/ – environmentalists helping marine life from harmful pollutants in oceans and land.

 

Quotes from Mirzoeff chapter 7 and Afterword.

  • “skilful use of media to spread their concept of a politics”
  • “they saw changing media and politics as two parts of the same process”
  • “right to look and be seen online”
  • “used smart phones, graffiti, social media, demonstrations and occupations”
  • “Facebook did not cause the revolution, but allowed for the dissemination of information”
  • “people still had to act as a result of the information for there to be social change”
  • “it thinks with the audience rather than for them”- Mohammed Fahmy.
  • “as long as there’s a camera the revolution will continue”
  • “intended to cause the viewer to question what he or she sees”
  • “new global situation has changed and how change itself is now a key subject for anyone interested in the visual”

 

Mirzoeff believes:

  • That global digital culture is spreading
  • Meanings of combined representation are key to comprehending the era of globalisation (Representative- system of government elected to prevent others interest and how we see events and experience in medium formats)
  • Think about how the world is represented politically and visually or whether oligarchies fuelled on worldwide extensions will continue.
  • Movements were the start of global social media used to make people think about representation and social change.
  • Media has evolved worldwide, interconnectivity, news spreading widely. Revolution all thanks to the spread of information.
  • Social media has accelerated change in movements that were now noticed by public.
  • Media is the form that keeps us all connected, we are shown the representation of real life events.
  • Networking and young population that has led to revolution and sharing information.
  • Media expresses opinions, people and has broken away from past experiences.
  • It is more authentic to have each person tell their own story, individual opinions shown have a more unique and heavy influence.
  • Mainstream media is very influential worldwide, taking issues to a public stage.
  • Visual culture is a bridge linking past and present, everyday visual involvement.
  • Issues in our world have only been made important by/ through our engagement and participation in adding news and spreading it throughout the media.
  • Media has the power to transcend messages, however can be misinterpreted.
  • Once we understand what is happening in our world, ten are we able to take small steps to begin the change that we would like to see.

 

Glossary:

  • Representative- system of government elected to prevent others interest and how we see events and experience in medium formats.
  • Oligarchies- government where power/ dominance is only given to a few.
  • Dissemination- spreading to a wide extent.
  • Catalysed- acceleration of change.

 

 

WEEK 10

  • (Toxic- low income nations, sold, exported, dumped, China/ Ghana, social and health issues. Industrial- fracking/ pumping; mix of chemicals into the ground to release gas; little government enforcement of regulations, China has the capacity to change, BP oil spill 2012. Consumer waste- ‘out of sight, out of mind’) tutorial group, Lyn Ciochetto powerpoint)
  • RESEARCH- Investigate different forms of visual activism and thinking, protests, acts of disrupting governments or corporations. Possible drawings and ideas for your creative artwork, process and construction.

Visual activism:

“I’m not interested in filming the violence and the weapons, you see that enough in the media, what I want to show is the incredible life and energy”. French street artist JR encouraging people to print and paste their image in public spaces around the world, with the help of the community in Israel, he managed to cover a whole hill of portraits of families who had lost people they knew to human trafficking. “It’s people’s curiosity that motivates them to come into the projects.” “art is not supposed to change the world, practical things, but to change perceptions, art can change the way we see the world, art is a neutral place for exchanges and discussions and then enables you to change the world”

 

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’28 Millimeters, Women Are Heroes’ in Rio de Janeiro in 2008

http://nikolasbadminton.com/the-hobo-code-propaganda-visual-activism/. 2015.

 

The common claim of these and other projects is to be able to change the world by making both the world as it is and the change has it happens visible: in everyday life (definitely on the street yet increasingly also on the web it seems). Whether or not successful in achieving the specific aims of each project, they give an example of the visual arts’ possibilities – and growing confidence – for making their voice seen in creative local and trans-local (urban) interventions. Yet the strong focus on images of this kind of visual ‘street politics’ also attracts criticism routed in the concern that the social dimensions of life, space and politics are too fast and too easily thrown overboard pursuing streamline communication design and maximum media impact.

Glossary-

  • Visual activism- using art/ design and other visual forms to act in support of opposition to one side of any controversial issue in society.
  • Citizenship- being an individual residing and belonging to a particular country.
  • Change agents- a person who assists in the transformation of an organisation, helping to improve and develop.
  • Cultural critics- reason why the cultural product is of such value stretches across a wide variety of disciplines.
  • Protest- statement or action against something they do not support or believe in.
  • Resistance- refusing to accept or submit to or with something.

 

 

 

 

  • CONTEXT: (Toxic- low income nations, sold, exported, dumped, China/ Ghana, social and health issues.
  • Industrial- fracking/ pumping; mix of chemicals into the ground to release gas; little government enforcement of regulations, China has the capacity to change, BP oil spill 2012.
  • Consumer waste- ‘out of sight, out of mind’) tutorial group, Lyn Ciochetto powerpoint)

 

From longstanding to emerging hazards, environmental factors are a root cause of a significant burden of death, disease and disability – particularly in developing countries.

Already in many developing countries a range of toxic effluents is emitted directly into soil, air and water – from industrial processes, pulp and paper plants, tanning operations, mining, and unsustainable forms of agriculture – at rates well in excess of those tolerable to human health. Along with the problem of acute poisonings, the cumulative health impacts of human exposures to various chemical combinations and toxins can be a factor in a range of chronic health conditions and diseases

The health impacts of environmental risks are heaviest among poor and vulnerable populations in developing countries. For instance, poor coastal populations in developing countries may be among the most vulnerable to sea-level rises and extreme weather events. The poor in developing countries generally have the least access to clean water sources, and those same populations also may be the most directly exposed to environmental risks such as vector-borne diseases and indoor air pollution from solid fuel use. At the same time, poor people also may be the most dependent on natural resources as sources of livelihoods and well-being, and thus be most impacted by unsustainable exploitation or depletion of those resources

http://www.who.int/heli/risks/ehindevcoun/en/

 

  • PROTESTS: Investigate different forms of visual activism and thinking, protests, acts of disrupting governments or corporations. Possible drawings and ideas for your creative artwork, process and construction.

 

 

WEEK 11

  • Explore how artists/ designers and creative producers perform their role as cultural critics and agents of change through a process of visual and textual research.
  • RESEARCH- artists/ designers that respond in protest, imaging different futures. (2 books, 1 academic site), artists/ designers involved in issue. Artists/ designers and creative works in relation to the issue, same visual strategies as your own?

 

  • Glossary-

Agency- action causing a particular effect.

Social responsibility- ethical framework for individuals to perform, playing their part in our economy and social lifestyle.

Transformative practices-

 

On Midway Atoll, a remote cluster of islands more than 2000 miles from the nearest continent, the detritus of our mass consumption surfaces in an astonishing place: inside the stomachs of thousands of dead baby albatrosses. The nesting chicks are fed lethal quantities of plastic by their parents, who mistake the floating trash for food as they forage over the vast polluted Pacific Ocean.

For me, kneeling over their carcasses is like looking into a macabre mirror. These birds reflect back an appallingly emblematic result of the collective trance of our consumerism and runaway industrial growth. Like the albatross, we first-world humans find ourselves lacking the ability to discern anymore what is nourishing from what is toxic to our lives and our spirits. Choked to death on our waste, the mythical albatross calls upon us to recognize that our greatest challenge lies not out there, but in here.

http://chrisjordan.com/gallery/midway/#about

 

There was no beauty in the oil rig’s explosion. Nor in the deaths of eleven men, and the torrent of crude oil that gushed into the Atlantic. But catastrophe often inspires culture. In the weeks and months that followed, an international cadre of artists (and pranksters) skewered BP in city streets and pristine white walls of gallery spaces. Some of their efforts were simplistic agitprop — uncomfortably close to an Aldous Snow music video — but many qualify as genuine creative accomplishments.

Most infamously, for the August issue of Vogue Italia, Steven Meisel photographed models wrapped in darkened garments, overwrought with grief, lying across blackened beaches plagued with dead wildlife. The series, which seemed to invite controversy for the sake of controversy, caused more outrage and grief than it soothed.

http://www.esquire.com/news-politics/news/a8407/bp-oil-spill-artwork-090910/

 

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This photo of an albatross chicks was taken in September 2009 on Midway Atoll, a tiny stretch of sand and coral near the middle of the North Pacific. To document this phenomenon as faithfully as possible, not a single piece of plastic in this photograph was moved, placed, manipulated, arranged or altered in any way. This image depicts the actual stomach contents of baby birds in one of the world’s most remote marine sanctuaries, more than 2,000 miles from the nearest continent. Photo by Chris Jordan – http://chrisjordan.com.

 

Plastic pollution off the northwest coast of North America is reaching the level of the notoriously polluted North Sea, according to a new study led by a researcher at the University of British Columbia (UBC).

 

The study, published online in the journal Marine Pollution Bulletin, examined stomach contents of beached northern fulmars on the coasts of British Columbia, Canada and the states of Washington and Oregon.

 

“Like the canary in the coal mine, northern fulmars are sentinels of plastic pollution in our oceans,” says Stephanie Avery-Gomm, the study’s lead author and a graduate student in UBC’s Department of Zoology. “Their stomach content provides a ‘snapshot’ sample of plastic pollution from a large area of the northern Pacific Ocean.”

 

Northern fulmars forage exclusively at sea and retain ingested plastics for a long period of time, making them ideal indicators for marine littering. Analysis of beached fulmars has been used to monitor plastic pollution in the North Sea since the 1980s. The latest findings, when compared to previous similar studies, indicate a substantial increase in plastic pollution over the past four decades.

 

 

 

 

 

The research group performed necropsies on 67 beached northern fulmars and found that 92.5 percent had plastics—such as twine, Styrofoam and candy wrappers—in their stomachs. An average of 36.8 pieces per bird were found. The average total weight of plastic was 0.385 grams per bird. One bird was found with 454 pieces of plastic in its stomach.

 

“The average adult northern fulmar weighs five pounds, or 2.25 kilograms,” says Avery-Gomm. “While 0.385 grams in a bird may seem inconsequential to us, it’s the equivalent of about five percent of their body mass. It would be like a human carrying 50 grams of plastic in our stomach—about the weight of 10 quarters.”

 

“Despite the close proximity of the ‘Great Pacific Garbage Patch,’ an area of concentrated plastic pollution in the middle of the North Pacific gyre, plastic pollution has not been considered an issue of concern off our coast,” says Avery-Gomm. “But we’ve found similar amounts and incident rates of plastic in beached northern fulmars here as those in the North Sea. This indicates it is an issue which warrants further study.”

 

The researchers propose annual monitoring of trends in plastic pollution and the effectiveness of marine waste reduction strategies.

 

“Beached bird surveys are providing important clues about causes and patterns of sea bird mortality from oil spill impacts, fisheries by-catch and now plastic ingestion,” says co-author Karen Barry with Bird Studies Canada, a not-for profit organization that helped facilitate the study.

 

http://ecowatch.com/2012/07/09/marine-litter-birds/

 

 

  • Explore how artists/ designers and creative producers perform their role as cultural critics and agents of change through a process of visual and textual research.
  • RESEARCH- artists/ designers that respond in protest, imaging different futures. (2 books, 1 academic site), artists/ designers involved in issue. Artists/ designers and creative works in relation to the issue, same visual strategies as your own?

 

 

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http://hyperallergic.com/214959/liberate-tate-annotates-tate-moderns-turbine-hall-in-25-hour-guerrilla-protest/

 

 

“We all benefit from corporate sponsorship of the arts. Without corporate sponsorship we wouldn’t have buildings like this, because the government doesn’t give enough,” she said. “I think it’s very difficult where you draw the line about which company is acceptable.”

Glen Tarman, a member of the Liberate Tate movement since its inception, said: “Art museums are places where we make sense of the world. We make meaning from our lives and they contain what we most value. We shouldn’t be complicit in climate change just because we appreciate great art.”

He said the group was increasing its calls for the Tate to drop BP’s sponsorship because the deal was due to expire in 2016. He said the growing divestment movement, which has seen the Rockefeller Foundation, the Church of England and dozens of universities drop fossil fuel investments, was an example of the mounting view that public institutions should not be tied to the companies that drive climate change.

 

Many visitors to the Tate Modern were initially unaware that the performance was unsanctioned. Frances O’Neill, an artist, said she had viewed the work from the balcony above and, without knowing it was a protest was nonetheless “really, really moved”.

“I was just mesmerised by the visuals of it. I didn’t know what they were writing, I just got filled with a deep sadness,” she said. Once she read the interpretation signs laid out by the group she said she was supportive of the action.

“Someone’s got to do these sort of things. Someone’s got to say our planet’s being damaged. It may not be sponsored [by the Tate], but they are doing what the Tate does,” she said.

Another visitor, Audrey Valentine, said she thought it was wonderful the Tate was allowing the protest to unfold, but she that she did not agree with its message. “If these big boys didn’t do these things, are you suggesting that government should pay? They should put some money back,” she said.

Liberate Tate’s campaign against the Tate’s relationship with BP is part of a wider drive to rid the art world of oil patronage. The British Museum, National Portrait Gallery and National Theatre are among many major UK cultural institutions that receive support from fossil fuel companies.

 

https://www.theguardian.com/culture/2015/sep/03/art-not-oil-plan-protest-british-museum

 

 

 

More than a dozen rivers across France have all had the same green flow as “an alarm signal”, reports Le Figaro newspaper.

The conservationists wanted to make the point that resources to the sector had plummeted by 10%. This showed that ecology was down the government’s priority list.

A spokesman said they sought to alert people on the need to strengthen and preserve the environment.

The Environmental Inspector at ONEMA, Yannick Pognart, told the Local that currently it was “very à la mode” as they tried to accomplish more missions with less and less means to do so.

The group says the ministers should put a real public service environment in operation.

At present preserving biodiversity largely depended on 20 public sector workers in each department. However a new public service needs a proper workforce and budget, estimated to be over €200 million.

The group said they used a totally harmless colorant called fluorescein to show the patch pollution takes in rivers. They claimed that while the green colour looked very strong visually, it was totally safe. “They fish didn’t even notice,” they claimed.

The dye is often used to trace water flow in smaller doses but it was not toxic in any way to marine life, they stressed.

 
http://www.lonelyplanet.com/news/2016/04/28/rivers-france-green-environment/#ixzz4ArTsXP9Q

 

 

 

 

 

 

WEEK 12

  • RESEARCH- other existing creative work, variety of open media protest/ resistance to subtle responses.

 

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