237130­_A2_Wk7_Task#1_Truth Value_30/April/2016.

  • “…offers an unprecedented conjunction between what is here now… and what was there then” (Sturken and Cartwright, p17). I found this interesting because it shows how humans treasure memories and compare and contrast from then and now.
  • “…photographic truth as myth not because he regarded truth as always culturally inflected, never pure and uninfluenced by contextual factors- Roland Barthes” (Sturken and Cartwright, p18). I found this interesting because different groups have different worldviews which will always definitely shape the way that they view a certain image.

(Sturken, Marita and Lisa Cartwright. “Images, Power and Politics”. Practices of Looking: An Introduction to Visual Culture. New York. Oxford University Press. 2009. Print. April 2016)


Some similarities between different imaging technologies is that they capture the exact moment of an event, they all need to be activated by a person and most imaging technologies are also able to be developed physically onto materials. Some differences between different imaging technologies would be that they have different properties; zoom, filter, quality; another difference being how advanced the material and quality is; improving and being refined; lastly another difference being that they can be used for various things; movie cameras, polaroid to capture memories and phones for sending to people fast.

It is important to take into account the camera technologies ability to depict or represent reality when thinking about a visual text because it allows us to keep connected with people around us. To create change, a movement, telling a story or simply for keeping memories allow us to transfer our perspectives and worldviews into images which other people are able to interpret and learn from. When thinking critically about a visual text, it is important to understand the message or real form because every photo taken serves a purpose or is treasured by someone. Digital technologies are similar to analogue technologies because they can be used to produce messages to audiences and also have the ability to capture moments in both simple and powerful ways. Some differences between digital and analogue technologies is that digital technologies can be very easily phot shopped and twisted to create misleading and false advertising, another difference being that analogue technologies are more prone to capturing realistic ideas or issues; they cannot be easily altered to fit someone else’s taste, they are as they are.

Authors would probably propose that it is important for photographers and artists to understand their technologies because they are able to fully express their intentions and ideas. By understanding the angles and abilities of their technologies, the photographers can create a more realistic feeling and make the audience feel included to help transcend their messages. If we compare between photographs taken from then and now, we would be able to witness the different levels of expertise in using technologies that have developed, contemporary visual texts now would have focused more on captivating the feelings of an audience, whilst more historical visual texts would have just been to represent and show the static image alone as technologies then were merely beginning to expand in use.


‘The Myth of Photographical Truth’ is about how images can be perceived through questioning its limits of evidence, “about the different truth’s that images can tell and the limits of the image as evidence” (Sturken and Cartwright, p18). I believe that this idea is also about how people have different worldviews, with various cultural, social, political and religious beliefs that would affect what they perceive as the truth from any image, therefore possible myth, “… regarded the truth as always culturally inflected, never pure and uninfluenced by contextual factors” (Sturken and Cartwright, pg18). This is important to keep in mind when critically analysing any visual text as there will always be differing opinions and ideas from various groups and individuals, some may understand and settle to a conclusion with an image, however due to different life experiences, others may continue to question the truth of the image and call it a myth due to their alternative beliefs. Any image can be stripped down to different levels of viewing, through denotations and connotations. The myth of photographical truth will be very interesting to consider when writing my essay and analysing visual texts as it will allow me to gain a better and broader overview of differing perspectives on one text ‘Coal’ by Monet, whether people are drawn to thinking physical; about the crude physical labour; or whether others think mentally; about the cost of production and networking factories. The fact being whether people believe that this image is true in society or not depends on individual worldviews, either looking at an images literal meaning (denotation) or understanding the meaning behind the image (connotation) are both equally as important when critically evaluating any visual text. Challenging my own thoughts and ideas about the environment and human conquest of nature, how different social groups react to this. The technologies used to construct ‘Coal’ by Monet were oil paints, a canvas and a typical productive landscape in early British Industrial Revolution era.

(Sturken, Marita and Lisa Cartwright. “Images, Power and Politics”. Practices of Looking: An Introduction to Visual Culture. New York. Oxford University Press. 2009. Print. April 2016)




237130­_A2_Wk7_Task#2_World Views_30/April/2016.

Worldview, ideology and the myth of photographic truth relate to each other as they all lead back to the life decisions and experiences of an individual being. These words depend on the way an individual thinks about others and their surroundings based on learning from the people they surround themselves with and the environment they have been brought up around, “…truth as always culturally inflected, never pure and uninfluenced by contextual factors” (Sturken and Cartwright, p18). When critically evaluating producers of visual texts, these words will be good to focus on as they will create a deeper comprehension of why their opinions are the way they are, they might also be considered as evidence of how the author has come to their conclusion on a certain issue. When critically evaluating the audience of a visual text, these ideas may be considered for a taster of the various perspectives collected, through differing views and arguments put forward showing a wide range of viewpoints. A visual text may promote a dominant worldview through advertising, this is a clear example of how businesses and politicians influence the media and population. A dominant worldview where consumerism and politics rule and have become centralised through constant worldly advertising, companies aiming to influence people into joining or buying certain goods to keep up with societal trends which are ongoing and forever changing.

(Sturken, Marita and Lisa Cartwright. “Images, Power and Politics”. Practices of Looking: An Introduction to Visual Culture. New York. Oxford University Press. 2009. Print. April 2016)






  • (Burns, Wil C.G. Climate Change Engineering. United States. Cambridge University Press. 2013. Book. April 2016)
  • (Burton, Anthony. Remains of a Revolution. Britain. Penguin Books. 2001. Book. April 2016)
  • Burtynsky, Edward. Manufactured Landscapes. Canada. National Gallery of Canada. 2003. Book. April 2016)
  • (Evans, Eric. J. The Forging of the Modern State. Britain. Pearson Education. 2001. Book)
  • (Fairbairn, Madeline. New Direction in Agrarian Political Economy. United States. Taylor and Francis. 2016. Book. April 2016)
  • (Trinder, Barrie. Britain’s Industrial Revolution. Lancaster, Britain. Carnegie Publishing. 2013. Book. April 2016)


  • “market- centred system… are guided by the gravitational pull of financial markets” (Fairbairn, p5) – recent rise in power and prominence, increasing investment in storage and transportation infrastructure, workers positions weakened in drive for financial profit.
  • “climate events and associated suffering can no longer be cast as acts of God or nature” (Fairbairn, p15) – human responsibility.
  • “safer accumulation in land and agricultural production” (Fairbairn, p113)
  • “land claiming in an era of questionable surveys… involved clearing for land claims” (Fairbairn, p231)
  • “urban migration has been mobilised to explain declining deforestation and forest recovery” (Fairbairn, p228)


  • “men’s access to the means of life, in control over their ecological environment, is their capacity to escape the tyranny and niggardliness of nature” (Evans, p129)
  • “between 1760 and 1860, British capital stock increased… trade and transport increased from 5% to 26%” (Evans, p130)
  • Between 1780 and 1850 workshop and domestic manufactures are much more than an adjunct to the factory revolution” (Evans, p133)
  • Britain’s industrial revolution depended not on governments but on men’s initiative, determination, ambition, vision, resourcefulness, single-mindedness and good honest greed” (Evans, p141) – general trend was mainly upwards, introduction of mechanics, reduction of dependence on unrealistic seasonal labour.
  • “industrial communities which grew up around the water-powered mills” (Evans, p163)


  • “land drainage turned water into arable lands… new crop… breeding of new strains… greater availability of food supplies… increased profits… invest in improvements” (Burton, p10)
  • “well established coal on the most important domestic fuel in towns… beginning to find uses in industry” (Burton, p39)
  • The greatest improvement in the transport of coal came with the introduction of railways’ 9Burotn, p45)
  • The increased use of the engine also brought new demands for the iron industry to supply to necessary castings” (Burton, p54)
  • “process of replacing adult workers by children… produced deep bitterness among the workers” (Burton, p220)
  • “photographing quarries was a deliberate act of going out to try to find something in the world that would match the kinds of form in my imagination” (Burtynsky, p53)
  • Felt it had a natural conceptual connection… visually reconcile that complexity” (Burtynsky, p53) – unfolding the machine’s structure.
  • “places and moments to embody my poetic narrative of the transfigured landscape and the industrial supply line and what that means in our life” (Burtynsky, p54)


  • “deeply affect the course of manmade climate change, which be regarded as one manifestation of the modern transformation” (Burns, p117)
  • “ANTHROPOCENE: a new geologic era in which humans exert strong influence over global systems” (Burns, p118)
  • Greater human wealth and numbers have not only disrupted a host of local or regional ecosystems, they have also upset the balance of several global scale natural cycles” (Burns, p118)
  • “PEOPLE TAKING ACTION: ‘Environmental Protection Agency’ plans to regulate under the Clean AIR ACT CO2 emissions from sources… lawsuits in U.S courts… proceedings effectively halted the construction of new coal- fired power plants that lack the technology to capture CO2 emissions” (Burns, p123)


  • “in 1700 to 1870… woodlands and forests were sources of energy and raw materials” (Trinder, p41)
  • “a fundamental innovation of the industrial revolution was to be the use of heat energy to create mechanical power that could be applied to do useful work” (Trinder, p45)
  • “…its power could be scientifically measured… could be applied to every purpose that requires either rotating or reciprocating motion” (Trinder, p57)
  • “innovation were stimulated as the capacity to build machines expanded” (Trinder, p58)
  • “by 1840 it was easy to assume that steam engines supplied most Britain’s energy” (Trinder, p61)
  • “possible growth of mining and manufacturing” (Trinder, p62)




237130­_A2_Wk7_Task#4_Questions to Topic Sentence_30/April/2016.

With the conquest of nature occurring throughout our history and even to current days, humans have been the dominant species in leading our world, through the Anthropocene period. Humans have developed as a species from being illiterate to beings with the endless capacity and ability to conjure up inventions proved ground breaking and essential to the Industrial Revolution. With advanced machinery on the rise, industry and agricultural production flourished serving important to companies and businesses who soon became greedy. Machinery became a means of taking raw materials and turning them into products used for the survival of humans, in household, food stuffs and consumerism, and with this, gas emissions and wastage has formed global warming. Humans are stripping nature down at an exponential rate, where most species, now extinct, were unable to adapt to the changing climates and environment alterations.



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